Showing posts with label Haiti and the International Community. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Haiti and the International Community. Show all posts

Thursday, October 6, 2016

Please help us! Do not humiliate us! by Celucien L. Joseph

Please help us! Do not humiliate us!
by Celucien L. Joseph 

The Haitian people in Haiti are experiencing a devastating tropical storm named Matthew. It has already caused severe damages in many parts in Haiti. In the process of recovery, we are soliciting your prayers and assistance. Allow me to offer a few words of advise and caution to those who are helping the Haitian people in the transition.

Just help us!

We do not want war.

We do not want more US occupation of Haiti and in Haiti.

Do not humiliate us while helping us.

Do not demonize us while providing temporary relief.

Do not remind us we are the poorest country in the Western hemisphere.

Do not remind us we are devil's worshippers.

Do not exploit this moment of weakness and vulnerability for forced Christian evangelization and conversion.

Just help us while maintaining our dignity and humanity!

Pray with us and pray for us!

Tuesday, July 7, 2015

Review of Killing with Kindness: Haiti, International Aid, and NGOs by Lisa-Marie Pierre

Schuller, Mark. Killing with Kindness: Haiti, International Aid, and NGOs. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2012. ISBN: 978-0-8135-5363-4. 233 pp. 
Reviewed by Lisa-Marie Pierre 

Mark Schuller is the author of Killing with Kindness: Haiti, International Aid, and NGOs, a 2010 Rutgers University Press publication. Schuller has an educational background in anthropology, women’s studies, and global studies. He currently is an assistant professor of anthropology and NGO leadership development at Northern Illinois University. As a scholar, Schuller has published over twenty articles and book chapters, one documentary, and four books on Haiti, non-governmental organizations, gender, and globalization. Killing with Kindness is a great addition to his academic portfolio and topically relevant to current NGO news in Haiti.
Schuller uses a civic infrastructure framework and an ethnographically based analysis to describe the non-governmental politics in Haiti and beyond. This book will interest anthropology students and scholars or individuals interested in learning about Haiti, international development, and nongovernmental organizations through a critical sociopolitical lens. After a descriptive narrative introduction of his time in Haiti during the 2004 coup and after the 2010 earthquake, Schuller reveals his research questions by the end of the introductory chapter. The three central questions that drive Schuller's thesis are as follows:
·         “How are we to evaluate NGOs and their impacts on Haiti and other countries in the global South?” (p. 9)
·         “Do NGOs democratize development, being closer to the people they serve and offering a better system of governance as some believe?” (p. 9)
·         “Are NGOs a tool of imperialism… on what basis can we make and evaluate these claims?” (p. 9)
Schuller often flashes between the past and present to address his research questions. For some readers, this may not be a writing style they enjoy and serves as a distraction to the purpose of the book, but for others, the process of reading through past experiences and comparisons to the 2010 earthquake may help them think through their own opinions about non-governmental organizations and participation at the local level.
Schuller’s goal is that the reader discovers that a relationship exists between development aid, recipient nongovernmental organizations, and communities as it applies to Haiti.  This goal is achievable for readers of this book. The book is divided into five chapters – as Schuller calls it, a ‘detective story’ – all framed by theory, personal accounts, literature and Schuller’s strong ethical standpoint and policy recommendations for international aid in Haiti. The introduction is the first time the reader learns of Schuller’s experiences in Haiti, the research questions, and the structure of the book.
In chapter one, Schuller introduces the readers to the issues women face in Haiti. It is also the introduction to the two organizations – Sove Lavi and Fanm Tet Ansanm. These two organizations are used to frame the importance of women’s organizations and the relationships between donors and local agencies in Haiti. In chapters two through four, Schuller discusses the history of the Sove Lavi and Fanm Tet Ansanm. These three chapters paint the picture of the relationships these two organizations have with their staff, the community, and the donor organizations. Also, Schuller provides insight into the autonomy or lack of autonomy from donor organizations that Sove Lavi and Fanm Tet Ansanm have at their local office.
In chapter five, Schuller gives insight into the history of USAID and its donor policies, while tying the chapter back to Fanm Tet Ansanm and Sove Lavi and the hierarchical nature between donors and recipients. In the conclusion and afterward, Schuller discusses his theoretical framework in more detail and concludes the book with recommendations on how to end killing with kindness in Haiti. He addresses this section to different actors in the foreign aid system – the grassroots, NGOs, the Haitian government, USAID, donors, citizens, and everyone in general.
The most captivating chapters are those dedicated to the Sove Lavi and Fanm Tet Ansanm. The detailed descriptions of the inner workings of the employees and the relationships with outside donors are important for readers to understand the nuances of their relationships. It is in these chapters readers can gain insight into the research questions Schuller proposed in the introduction.
The concluding chapters on policy recommendations and future agendas while stimulating, did not seem to push the envelope far enough. They were good critiques that would satisfy an academic or students, but maybe not someone on the ground working in Haiti, who is firsthand dealing with these issues. The general solution was too simple for the complexity of the county.
Despite these shortcomings of the final two chapters, this book is an excellent choice for those who need more understanding of Haiti and NGOs. Particularly, the firsthand accounts are what really drive the book.
By the end of the book, the three central questions are answered – not directly, but implied. Schuller suggests that “central to understanding these questions are participation and autonomy within NGOs” (p. 9). There needs to be balance between using statistics to convey performance and gaining meaningful participation at the local level. Long term studies such as Schuller’s can evaluate NGOs and their impacts on the global South. Using an ethnographic approach allowed Schuller to see how Sove Lavi and Fanm Tet Ansanm progressed over time – it appears that some autonomy can help NGOs offer a better governance system.
Schuller, as evidenced in his title, proposes that Haiti is being killed with kindness. By reading this book and taking note of current news, it can be concluded that yes, Haiti is being killed by kindness.
Lisa-Marie Pierre, Michigan State University

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Haiti, NGOs, International Aid, and the International Community: A Resource Page compiled by Celucien L. Joseph

Haiti, NGOs, International Aid, and the International Community: A Resource Page
compiled by Celucien L. Joseph

"Haiti, NGOs, International Aid, and the International Community: A Resource Page" is a resource page that  provides important resources/data on the role and function of the International Community (i.e. international aid, Minustah, USAID) and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in the (economic) development and underdevelopment, destruction and reconstruction process in Haiti. The list is divided in three equal parts: a) Books, b) Online references (i.e. opinions, commentaries, essays, articles, etc.) , c) Online interviews and documentaries. We hope  you will find this page of reference valuable to your own intellectual curiosity and exploration, scholarly research and writing, and prois fessional development. As time permits, we will add more resources to the list.

A) Books

1. General reading on the Haitian condition (i.e. economic development and underdevelopment, reconstruction and deconstruction, democracy, human rights issues, etc.)

  • L'univers rural haitien: le pays en dehors (l'Harmattan, 2008) by Gerard Barthelemy
  • Le pays en dehors (Editions Henri Deschamps, 1989) by Gerard Barthelemy
  • L'espace haitien (Presses de l'Universite de Quebec, 1974) by Georges Anglade
  • Haitian Women's Stories of Survival and Resistance (Cornell University Press, 2001) by Beverly Bell
  • Restavec: From Haitian Slave Child to Midlle-Class American (Univerisity of Texas Press, 1998) by Jean-Robert Cadet
  • Culture, sante, sexualite a Cite Soleil (Centres pour le Developpement et la Sante, 1996) by Jan Maxius Bernard and Julio Desormaux
  • Enquete Mortalite, Morbidite et Utilisation des Services (EMMUS III) (Institut Haitien de l'enfance, Pan American Health Organisation, 2001) by Michel Cayemittes, Marie Florence Place, Bernard Barriere, Soumaila Mariko, and Blaise Severe
  • Neo-liberalisme: Crise economique et alternative de developpement (Imprimateur II, 1995) by Fritz Deshommes
  • Haiti: Un Nation Ecartelee: Entre "Plan Americain" et Projet National (Editions Cahiers Universitaires, 2006) by Fritz Deshommes
  • Haiti: State Against Nation (Monthly Review Press, 2000) by Michel-Rolph Trouilot
  • Haiti in the World Economy: Class, Race, and Underdevelopment Since 1700 (Westview Press, 1989) by Alex Dupuy 
  •  Haiti In The New World Order: The Limits Of The Democratic Revolution (Westview press, 1997) by Alex Dupuy
  •  Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens: Essays on the Politics and Economics of Underdevelopment, 1804-2013 (Europa Country Perspectives, 2014) by Alex Dupuy 
  •  The Prophet and Power: Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the International Community, and Haiti (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006) by Alex Dupuy
  •  Damming the Flood: Haiti, Aristide, and the Politics of Containment (Verso, 2007) by Peter Hallward
  • Haiti: State Against Nation (Monthly Review Press, 2000)t) by Michel-Rolph Trouillot
  •  Haiti: Trapped in the Outer Periphery by Robert Fatton Jr.  by Robert Fatton Jr. 
  •  The Roots of Haitian Despotism (Lynne Rienner Publishers,  2007) by Robert Fatton Jr.
  • Haiti's Predatory Republic: The Unending Transition to Democracy (Lynne Rienner Publishers,  2002) by Robert Fatton Jr.
  • Haiti: L'invasion des ONG (Centre de Recherche Sociale et de Formation Economique pour le Developpement, 1997) by Sauveur Pierre Etienne 
  • Associationnisme paysan en haiti: Effets de permanence et de rupture (Editions des Antilles, 2000) by Pierre Simpson Gabaud
  • L'experience haitienne de la dette exterieure (Maison Henri Deschamps, 1990) by Gusti Klara Gaillard-Pourchet
  • L'experience haitienne de la dette exterieure ou une production cafeiere pillee (1875-1915) (Maison Henri Deschamps, 1990) by Gusti Klara Gaillard-Pourchet
  • Le defi de la mondialisation pour le sud (CRESFED, 1995) by Francois Houtart 
  • La Situation des Femmes Haitiennes (Comite Interagences Femmes et Developpement, 1992). by United Nations Comite Inter-agences Femmes et Developpment, and Mirielle Nepture Anglade
  • Poverty in Haiti: Essays on Underdevelopment and Post Disaster Prospects (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) by Mats Lundahl
  • Sources of Growth in the Haitian Economy (Inter-American Development Bank, 2004) by Mats Lundahl
2. More-Specific Items 
  • Killing with Kindness Haiti, International Aid, and NGOs (Rutgers University Press, 2012) by Mark Schuller 
  • Developpment Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid and Agencies (Kumarian Press, 1992) edited by D. Lewis and Shelley Feldmanx
  • NGOs, States, and Donors: Too Close for Comfort? (Martin's Press, 1997) edited by D. Hulme and M. Edwards 
  • Making a Difference:NGOs and Development in a Changing World (Earthscan, 1992) by Robert Chambers
  • The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What can Be Done About it (Oxford University Press, 2007) by Paul Colier 
  • Notes from the Last Testament: The Struggle for Haiti (Seven Stories Press, 2005) by Michael Deibert
  • Aiding Migration: The Impact of International Development Assistance on Haiti (Westview Press, 1988) by Josh DeWind and David H. Kinley III
  • Canada in Haiti: Waging War on the Poor Majority (Red Publishing, 2005) by Yves Engler and Anthony Fenton
  • AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame (University of California Press, 1992) by Paul Farmer
  • The Uses of Haiti (Common Courage Press, 2003) by Paul Farmer
  • Political Economy in Haiti: The Drama of Survival (Transaction Books, 1988) by Simon M. Fass 
  • Sanctions in Haiti: Human Rights and Democracy Under Assault (Praeger, 1999) by Elizabeth D. Gibbons
  • "Haiti: NGO Sector Study" (World Bank, 1997) by Alice Morton
  • Tectonic Shifts: Impacts of Haiti's Earthquake (Kumarian Press, 2012) edited by Mark Schuller and Pablo Morales
  • Travesty in Haiti: A True Account of Christian Missions, Orphanages, Fraud, Food Aid, and Drug Trafficking (Book Surge Publishing, 2008) by Timothy Schwartz
  • When the Hands Are Many: Community Organization and Social Change in Rural Haiti (Cornell University Press, 2001)
  • Haiti After the Earthquake (Public Affairs, 2011) by Paul Farmer

B) Online References (i.e. essays/commentaries/opinions)

 1) Articles (non-online references)
  • Anglade, Boaz. "The Forgotten Earthquake Victims: Neglect Outside of Metropolitan Port-au-Prince." Journal of Haitian Studies (2010): 4-18.
C) Online Interviews and Documentaries

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

The Intersection of American Imperialism and Haitian Cabana Boy Politics by Pascal Robert

The Intersection of American Imperialism and Haitian Cabana Boy Politics by Pascal Robert

"When will Haitians learn that all this bickering between their political parties is a farce created by the Western Imperialists like the United States, Canada, and the EU to keep Haitians blinded in the blood feud laced Hegelian dialectical battle between the faux left and the faux right. The Lavalas and the Group 184? The Chermier and the FRAPH?

The Hegelian Binary (left vs. right) political model is an old rouse of Anglo-American Empire to keep the political options of the masses managed by the elites so the elites can continue to expropriate wealth and resources for their benefit to the detriment of the poor. Both the Haitian left, the Lavalas, and the Haitian Right, Neo-Duvalieriste, Group 184, etc. etc. have been puppets and pawns of segments of the blood sucking parasitic Haitian bourgeois commercial class BAMBAM (an acronym for the first letter of the last name of the six–probably more-families that have controlled all real business in Haiti for close to a century) that have been the willing agents of the rape of Haiti’s poor at the behest of their White paymasters, the Anglo-Americans and the Europeans. There were BAMBAM families that were supporters and beneficiaries of Aristide and there are BAMBAM families that are supporters and beneficiaries of Martelly. BOTH OF THESE POLITICAL FACTIONS HAVE BEEN NOTHING BUT RESTAVEKS (SERVANTS) FOR THE IMPERIALISTS!

Haitian politics has been a side show, a canard, an idiotic bloody shell game controlled by the Imperialists using their Elite Collaborators and BAMBAM acolytes ever since the U.S. Occupied Haiti in 1915. I implore all Haitians to read, “The United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934,” by Hans Schmidt. Perhaps Estime was the only Haitian president who tried his best to legitimately break this cycle, and he was thrown out by the Americans under the guise of being suspected of Communism. Let us not forget that segments of the BAMBAM elite families were major enablers of Francois Duvalier’s rise to power. He danced a dance with the Americans getting financing for his murderous regime under the guise of being a hardliner against Communism in Haiti during the height of the Cold War. WE HAVE HAD NOTHING BUT RESTAVEK CABANA BOY POLITICAL LEADERS IN HAITI SINCE THE AMERICANS LEFT IN 1934 barring the meager attempts of Estime to break that cycle.

The Lavalas left is the brain child of Rene Preval combined with his connections to the Haitian bourgeois and petite-bourgeois that was sealed with his marriage to one such family. They used the charismatic demagogue Jean Bertrand Aristide as a front man while their party cut side deals with the BAMBAM class, used the BAMBAM class to interface with the Clinton Regime in America in the 90s, and reap the financial reward from the sale and exploitation of Haitian assets like Teleco and the other government run enterprises. Left wing Ton-Ton Macoute tactics were not outside their purview as well.

The Neo-Duvaliarist, Group 184, FRAPH contingency has been the creation of the Right Wing faction of the BAMBAM importing murder and weapons payed for by acolytes of the Republican party in the U.S., as well as using perhaps more bloodthirsty and less altruistic methodology to facilitate the wholesale rape of Haitian assets and newly found resources such as oil, iridium, gold, and other natural resources currently being robbed from Haiti under the Martelly regime."

To finish reading the entire article, click on the link below:

The Intersection of American Imperialism and Haitian Cabana Boy Politics