According to Roumain, the purpose of the booklet was to provide a critical analysis of the Haitian society during the years 1932-1934—a significant historical moment which led to the progressive decline of Haitian nationalism and patriotic fervor. One of the most important observations Roumain makes in the first heading is to link Haitian nationalism, and the economic domination and exploitation of Haitian peasant class and the working class population by the Bourgeoisie-elite minority and the ruling class. In the second heading, Roumain establishes the intersections of class, color prejudice, economics, and global capitalism. Finally, the third part consists of an acute response to a distinguished group of Haitian writers who published the twenty-three page essay with the pertinent title Le Manifeste de la Reaction Democratique (RD) (The Manifesto of Democratic Reaction). The Manifeste is signed by Delegate Committee for Signature (COMITE DELEGUE POUR LA SIGNATURE) including the following names: Dr. Marcel Herald, Jean F. Brierre, Lys Dartiguenave, Dr. Georges E. Rigaud, Max L. Hudicourt, Salnave Zamor, depute. In their essay, these thinkers articulate alternative routes to social and economic development which are often contradict Roumain’s own ideology and position on the subject. In their reaction, they have overlooked the active role of the Haitian government in discouraging small businesses in the country to flourish.